A 24-year old woman was admitted with a history of fever and pelvic pain. ESR and CA125 serum level were high and PPD test was negative. Ultra sound and CT evaluation detected free fluid in abdominopelvic cavity. Laparotomy showed fibrinous strands adhering to and fibrotic sac surrounding the components of abdominal cavity. Opening the sac, grey miliary nodules were spotted and pathologic examination revealed multiple granulomatous lesions. Diagnosed with TBP, patient underwent specific antibiotic therapy and her condition improved significantly following treatment. As laboratory findings and image analysis may be misleading in diagnosis of TBP, diagnostic approach of laparotomy and subsequent pathologic examination is of vital value — particularly in premenopausal female patients to preserve fertility.
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