In this prospectus study of 50-patients, enrolled at two centres in 9 months, the commonest causes and site of embolism are evaluated. The commonest cause of cerebral embolism in the older age group is Atrial Fibrillation (AF), and in the younger age group is valvular heart disease. The commonest site of involvement is middle cerebral artery (upper division). Prevention and treatment of Rheumatic Heart disease (RHD) may reduce the incidence of cerebral embolism in the younger age group and so is anticoagulation therapy for older patients with AF.
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