Haq T U, Sanaullah M, Mohsin H, Sheikh M Y, Ahmed B.
Percutaneous transhepatitic biliary stenting..
J Pak Med Assoc Jan ;51(9):308-12.

OBJECTIVE: Billary stenting with endoprosthesis is a palliative procedure to relieve malignant biliary obstruction. Percutaneous transhepatic technique has been employed whenever endoscopic technique was not possible or had failed. SETTING: Angiography/intervention suite, department of radiology, Aga Khan University hospital, Karachi. METHODS: We present retrospective analysis of 17 patients with malignant jaundice who were treated with percutaneous techniques after the endoscopic route had failed. RESULTS: The success rate was 94% with placement of single plastic stent in 14 patients, double stents in 3 patients and self-expandable stent in one patient. The overall complication rate was 41% including sepsis, liver abscess, biloma formation, biliary leakage and stent occlusion. There was one procedure related death due to severe sepsis. CONCLUSION: Percutaneous transhepatic biliary stenting is an alternative procedure to relieve malignant biliary obstruction with high complication rate and should be reserved for selected patients in whom endoscopic route has failed.

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