Muhammad Shafi, Harun Majid Dar, Imran Anwar, Khalid Mehmood Durrani.
Transduodenal Sphincteroplasty — still an effective biliary drainage procedure in the Laparoscopic era.
Proceeding Shaikh Zayed Postgrad Med Inst Jan ;19(2):69-76.

Background: With the advent of interventional endoscopic procedures and with growing experience with laparoscopic surgery, the indications for open biliary procedures have become limited. Aims & Objectives: This prospective study reviews the changing trends in the indications of transduodenal sphincteroplasty and presents the short-term and long-term outcomes of this procedure in the present minimally invasive surgical era. Methods: Transduodenal sphincteroplasty was performed for various benign obstructive biliary pathologies. Various parameters recorded were the demographic data, indications for surgery, early and late complications and long-term outcome of the procedure. The changing trend in the current indications of the procedure was reviewed. Results: Results of transduodenal sphincteroplasty on 49 consecutive patients over 9 years period are presented. Mean age was 48.4 years with male to female ratio of 1:3.4. Twenty-six (53.0%) patients presented with obstructive jaundice and 36.7% had cholangitis. Common indications of surgery included multiple common duct calculi (44.8%), impacted ampullary stones (36.6%) and ampullary stenosis (10.2%). Overall hospital morbidity was 12.2% with zero mortality. After a mean follow up of 9.3 years, 95.9 % patients had "good" or "fair" and 4.1 % reported "poor" results. Conclusion: Most of the biliary pathologies may be dealt with laparoscopic and endoscopic procedures; open drainage procedures may still be indicated in selected patients. Transduodenal sphincteroplasty remains an effective biliary drainage procedure with acceptable morbidity and mortality. The procedure should be regarded as an essential in the general surgical knowledge and training.

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