Nadeem Aslam, Mehnaz Atiq Ahmed.
Bovine Contegra Valved Conduit Endocarditis Caused By An Unusual Micro-Organism, Gemella Morbillorum: A Case Report.
Infect Dis J Jan ;22(2):566-8.

Different surgical techniques are used for right ventricular outflow tract reconstruction, including homo or porcine xenografts, which have several limitations, including lack of availability, early degeneration and tissue ingrowth. Contegra, a bovine jugular vein graft, because of its easy availability and tissue characteristics is an alternative to overcome these limitations. It has a naturally integrated valve in it. Isolated endocarditis of contegra valve conduit is extremely rare.

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