Saadia Sultana, Muhammad Nadim Akbar Khan, Shumaila Sharif, Noor-mah Khan, Shamsun Nisa Sadia.
Learning the pelvic examination by clerkship medical students: evaluating skills by standardized patient model.
Pak Armed Forces Med J Jan ;65(4):548-52.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of training of pelvic examination (PE) of medical students on standardized patients (SPs) with the training on regular patients (RPs) during clinical rotations. Study Design: A prospective controlled study. Place and Duration of Study: Obs/Gynae Unit I and II, Pakistan Railway Teaching Hospital, Islamic International Medical College – Rawalpindi; from April 1st, 2013 to December 31st , 2013. Patients and Methods: The fifth year MBBS students, doing their clerkship in Obs/Gynae department were included in the study through simple random sampling (probabilistic sampling). Sixty seven medical students participated in the study. Group I comprised of 35 students who were trained on RPs. However 3 students of this group did not appear for assessment by OSCE so finally 32 students were left for OSCE assessment and data collection. Group II comprised of 35 students who were trained on SPs. After the completion of training, PE skills of both the groups were assessed through OSCE. The average assessment scores, technical skill scores, and communication skill scores of both the groups were calculated and standard deviation was obtained. After applying t-test, p-value was calculated. p-value less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The OSCE based average assessment scores of combined modular examination of Group I and Group II was 6.0 and 7.7 respectively. The p-value was <0.001, which was statistically significant. Similarly the average assessment score for group I and II for Technical skills in combined modular examination was 6.0 and 7.75 respectively. The average assessment scores of group I and II for communication skills was 6.25 and 8.0 respectively. Statistically significant p-value of <0.001 was calculated. It was significantly found that the students trained on SPs were more competent in technical as well as communication skills of pelvic examination as compared with the students trained on RPs. Conclusion: To conclude, SPs are a much more useful and efficient alternative to RPs for the clinical training of medical students of PE.

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