Nizam-ud Din, Ahmed Sajjad, Saadat Hassan Hashmi, Masroor Hussain Malik, Zein El Amir, Zeeshan Qadeer.
Causes of Gross Hematuria in patient at a Tertiary Care Hospital.
J Islamabad Med Dent Coll Jan ;7(4):269-73.

Objective: To determine the causes of hematuria in patients coming to a tertiary care hospital. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad, Pakistan. Data was collected over a period of six months (June 2016 to December 2016). Data of all the adult male and female patients presenting with complaint of gross hematuria during the period were gathered and analyzed for etiological profile.Results: In the study the most common cause was urological malignancy, which was present in 29 (58%) of patients. This includes all the urological cancers. Among other causes, 11 (22%) patients had urolithiasis while 5 (10%) patients had gross hematuria due to trauma to renal tract. 3 (6%) males had hematuria due to enlarged vascular prostate and only 2 (4%) females had gross hematuria due to urinary tract infection. Conclusion: Urological malignancy was the most common cause of gross hematuria, which is associated with male gender, older age and history of smoking. Other causes were urolithiasis, trauma, BPH and UTI. We recommend screening for malignant disease of all the patients presenting to the departments of urology with the complaint of gross hematuria.

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