Muhammad Akmal, Ghulam Mahboob Subhani, Ashraf Ali Jafari, Muhammad Ali, Muhammad Irfan Munir, Imran Hyder Salyana, Safdar Hassan Javed.
Outcome of Intracorporeal Cystolithotripsy in Children.
Annals Punjab Med Coll Jan ;7(1):21-3.

Objectives: To evaluate the success and complications of intracorporeal cystolithotripsy in children. Design: It was prospective and descriptive study. Place and duration of study: Study was conducted in Department of Urology Allied Hospital, (PMC) Faisalabad from January 2011 to December 2012. Patients and Methods: Total number of 40 patients with vesical stone ≤ 2.5 cm were selected and treated by intracorporeal cystolithotripsy with pneumatic lithoclast through rigid ureterorenoscope.  Results: Children with average age of 7.23 years were included in study. Stones were completely removed in (90%) patients. Perforation occurred in 2.5% patients, 5% patients required redo intracorporeal cystolithotripsy due to stone impaction in urethra. 2.5% Patients needed open vesicolithotomy due to bleeding. Conclusion: Intracorporeal cystolithotripsy with pneumatic lithoclast is a safe and valid procedure for management of vesical calculi in children. 

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