Muhammad Anwar Sulehri, Riaz Hussain, Najaf Imtiaz Gill.
Dengue Fever its Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control.
Annals Punjab Med Coll Jan ;6(1):22-7.
Background: Dengue virus has emerged as a major public health problem worldwide in the recent decades. The incidence of this infection has increased in tropics and subtropics including Pakistan. It is one the most common and perhaps the most dangerous viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Current epidemic of dengue fever of 2011 in Pakistan has highlighted the lack of direction and neglect of this devastating disease. Now it is of fundamental importance to implement public health measures and also to improve management of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever and Dengue shock syndrome in our hospitals. Objectives: The objectives of this review article are to; Describe the epidemiology, virology, risk factors, clinical features, diagnosis and management of dengue fever. Determine the complications of dengue Find out different modalities for prevention and control of dengue fever. Provide awareness to the public about this disease and to dispel undue fears. Conclusion: Fever is the symptom present in almost all patients. Bleeding leads to serious complications in dengue fever. No effective vaccine or antiviral agents are available to treat dengue infection at the moment. Prognosis and Control: Attempts to control dengue vector (mosquitoes) and effective vaccine remain the important preventive measures.
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