Aneela Asghar, Saifullah Sheikh, Muhammad Asghar Butt, Faizaan Asghar, Arfaa Asghar.
Comparison of Frequency of Atopic Dermatitis in Formula Fed and Cow\'s Milk Fed Children.
Annals Punjab Med Coll Jan ;12(4):294-6.
Objective: To compare the frequency of atopic dermatitis between formula and cow milk fed children between 1-5 years. Study design: It was a cross-sectional, comparative study. Place of study: Outdoor Departments of Pediatrics and Dermatology, DHQ and Allied hospitals, Faisalabad. Period of study: From January 2015 to December 2015. Methodology: Total one hundred and seventy-five patients of either sex between the ages of 1-5 years on nonexclusive breast feeding were included. Children having asthma and food allergy are excluded. Atopic dermatitis was diagnosed by clinical examination. Data was collected through specially designed proforma. Results: Out of 175 patients, mean age was 3.02±1.28 years. Majority of children (56.57%) had age range between 1-3 years. 107 (61.14%) patients were male and 68 (38.86%) patients were females. 85 (48.57%) children fed cow’s milk while 90 (51.43%) children fed formula milk. The frequency of atopic dermatitis in formula milk fed children was found in 8 (8.89%) children and in cow milk fed children it was 17 (20%) children. P-value was 0.035 showing significant difference. Conclusion: Children who were fed on cow’s milk were more prone to develop atopic dermatitis
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