Sher Ayub Dawar, Hina Niaz, Asaf Alam Khan, Zahida Ayub.
Postnatal Depression: Frequency, Demographic Characteristics and Risk Factors.
J Gandhara Med Dent Sci Jan ;8(1):7-13.

OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of postpartum depression and its associated risk factors among mothers. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, and Department of Psychiatry, Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar 1st April 2018 till 31st March 2019. A total i750 post-natal mothers were screened randomly for postnatal depression for first 1-2 weeks following delivery by using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). 680 accepted to participate, 70 refused to participate and 504 fulfill the inclusion criteria. A score of >=13 was considered having postpartum depression. RESULTS: A total of i168 women had an EPDS score 10, yielding a crude prevalence rate of 34%. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was 14 out of 504 (3%), among which 11 (79%) had EPDS score of i10. We fitted multiple linear regression models to evaluate the predictors of variables measured ion the EPDS. This model was statistically significant p<0.0001 in predicting the total EPDS score. Women's employment status, domestic violence and marital conflict were statistically significant predictors. CONCLUSION: This study reflected the facts that many of the postnatal mothers of our circumstances suffer from postpartum depression and needs medical attention. Screening of postpartum depression should be considered as a routine part of postpartum care.

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