Fizah Mahnoor Khan, Tehmina Gul, Syeda Farah Naqvi, Sumaiyah Obaid, Mahwish Hayee Shahid.
Frequency of Stress Urinary Incontinence in Pregnant Females.
J Islamabad Med Dent Coll Jan ;10(4):215-9.

Background: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is the most common type of urinary incontinence (UI) in pregnant women and is known to have detrimental effects on the quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine frequency of stress-induced urinary incontinence in pregnant females. Methodology: A Cross-sectional survey was conducted among 600 pregnant females selected via non probability purposive sampling technique from January to June 2018. Data was collected from major cities of Pakistan using validated questionnaires; International consultation on incontinence questionnaireā€ (ICIQ-SF) and self-structured questions assessing the referrals of pregnant women to physiotherapy, for stress urinary incontinence. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS. Frequency of qualitative variables was determined. Association of urinary incontinence with pregnancy related characteristics was determined by chi-square test. Results: Out of 600 females, 84.3% (506/600) had experienced stress urinary incontinence in pregnancy with 64.5% reported among multigravida. 35.5% of the participants complained of increased urinary incontinence during the 9th month. Quality of life was moderately affected by stress urinary incontinence. Only 6.2% of the participants were referred to a physiotherapist for exercise. There was statistically significant difference between primigravida and multigravida in having urinary incontinence (p< .001). Conclusion: Frequency of stress urinary incontinence was high in pregnant women especially during the 9th month. Referral to physiotherapy for urinary incontinence in pregnancy was extremely low.

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