Zainab Zaib, Sabir Khan Khattak, Asim Ali Shah, Ayesha Akhtar.
Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a dangerous duo.
Professional Med J Jan ;29(01):77-81.
Objective: To determine the frequency of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Study Design: Cross sectional study. Setting: Department of Medicine Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad. Period: August 2018 to Feb 2019. Material & Methods: A total of 153 patients, who were diagnosed case of diabetes were studied for the presence of NAFLD. Ultrasound abdomen was used to detect NAFLD. Data was recorded on a pro forma and analyzed using SPSS 20 version. Results: Out of 153 patients, there were 73 males (45.8%) whiles 83 females (54.2%). Patients were aged 30 - 80 years with mean +- SD as 54.60+- 11.277 years. The mean duration of diabetes was 7.18+-6.95 years. In our study 54.9 % (84) of the patients were having fatty liver on U/S scan, 35.3% have abnormal lipid profile and 35.3 % (54) were hypertensive, out of which 59.3% (32) were having fatty liver on scan with P value of 0.424. Conclusions: Type 2 diabetes patients have increased risk of development of NAFLD, prevalence being 54.9%. Post-menopausal females and those with dyslipidemia have more risk of developing of NAFLD among diabetics.
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