Mohammad Yasin, Uzair Noor, Sanaullah Tareen, Nasir Mahmood, Faheem Jan, Mazhar Ali Khan.
Depression in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease at Tertiary Care Hospital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Pak J Chest Med Jan ;27(1):8-13.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is linked to the development of depression. Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder that causes a lot of emotional distress as well as functional damage. The goal of this study was to find out how often depression is and how severe it is in patients with COPD. Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional research was carried at department of Pulmonology, Ayub Teaching Hospital (ATH) Abbottabad, Pakistan from July 2019 to June 2020. In this study, a total of 179 COPD patients who visited this unit for the purpose of diagnosis and treatment of COPD was enrolled in the study. Patients were asked to complete the Becks Depression Inventory-13 (BDI-13) questionnaire after a thorough medical history and physical examination. To obtain final score, all the answers were marked. All data was entered into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet before being transferred to SPSS version 24 for analysis. For the purposes of analysis, a percentage and chi square test were used. Results: Out of total 179 study cases, 59 (32.96%) were found to have depression. The majority of depressive patients (n=48) were mild/moderately depressed. The Chi square test was done to find out any possible significant association between age and gender with COPD. After analysis, it was observed that there was no significant association found between age and gender and level of depression among study COPD patients. Positive significant level was defined as a P-value of less than 0.05. Conclusion: Psychiatric disorders are among the most common health problems in the world. Depression is one of the most common psychological problems that COPD patients confront. According to the findings, there was a high prevalence of depression among the study participants. This research also implies that a thorough assessment of the severity of depression and its related risk factors will take some time. Early diagnosis and meticulous evaluation may aid in the treatment of depression in COPD patients, and this must be included in and may be a component of their overall care.

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