Muhammad Usman Arshad, Aunaza Maqbool, Rabia Sharif Bhatti, Sohail Zia, Masud-ul Hassan, Zameer Iqbal Awan.
Frequency of Hyperopia in Children Between 5 to 15 Years of Age.
Al-Shifa J Ophthalmol Jun ;17(4):172-7.

Objective: To determine the frequency of hyperopia in children between 5 and 15 years of age. Setting and Duration of Study: Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Rawalpindi between March 2015 to September 2015 for a duration of 6 months Methodology: This Cross-sectional study included 150 children between the ages of 5-15 years. All children with eye disorders like corneal opacity, retinoblastoma, cataracts, amblyopia, chronic metabolic disorders, and hemoglobinopathies were excluded from the study. The participants were assessed for visual acuity was checked through a LogMAR visual acuity assessment chart for each eye. Those who found to have decreased visual acuity their pin-hole visual acuity was determined and then they got thorough examination by slit lamp biomicroscopy and fundoscopy to rule out causes of decreased vision other than refractive errors. Magnitude of hyperopia was measured using cycloplegic refraction on an auto refractometer followed by retinoscopy and then subjective trials. Data obtained for both the normal and refractive error children in a specific Performa. Results: A mean (SD) age of 8.57 (2.52) years with 106 (70.76%) children between 5-10 years and 44 (29.33%) were between 11-15 years of age. Males were predominant in our study with 90/150 (60%) male patients and 60 (40%) female population. The frequency of hyperopia I our study was 93 (62%). Out of 60 female patients, 35 (58.33%) had hyperopia whereas, out of the 90 male patients, 58 (64.4%) patients had hyperopia. Conclusion: We reported that hyperopia is a very frequent refractive disorder found in children. Male are more frequently diagnosed with the disorder between the age of 5-10 years. Further large-scale cohorts should be conducted to determine the correlating factors that increase the risk of hyperopia and prognosis.

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